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25. God, the Number of Stars in Galaxies and the Size of the Universe

When you think of the size of the universe, how can you not think about God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit? In Jeremiah 33:22 God says that the host of heaven cannot be numbered. How could Jeremiah have known that the stars cannot be numbered, unless God told him? How many stars can you see in the night sky? We can all count about two thousand stars on a clear night, plus or minus about five hundred.  But astronomers estimate they can see about a sextillion (1021) stars through telescopes. If you could see a million clusters of a million stars each, that would be only a billionth of the total stars the astronomers say they can see!  And the astronomers know that the size of the universe extends far beyond what they can see. Jeremiah in the Bible could only see two thousand stars.  If you can possibly believe the infinite intelligence of God, or comprehend His knowledge, Psalm 147:4 says that God calls each star by name!


In Psalm 19:4-6, David tells a revelation from God that David could not have understood.  He sang that the sun goes from one end of heaven to the other end of it.  Do you think this means the sun rises in the east, and sets in the west?  That is not what David said.  He said from one end of heaven to the other.  God is much more intelligent than we can ever imagine.  We know that the earth travels 291 million miles around the sun every year at a speed of 333,000 miles per hour.  Now scientists have just discovered that the sun is racing through space at a speed of 600,000 miles per hour.  It is travelling in an arc, making a circle from one end of heaven to the other.  The circumference of the circle is a quadrillion (1015) miles.  That is a one with eighteen zeroes after it.  At 600,000 miles per hour, it will take the sun 2 million centuries to make one complete journey around heaven, ending back where it started.  God must have known this when He gave Psalm 19 to David.  Actually, the sun is near the outer periphery of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, and "heaven" in this case is our Galaxy.  Scientists estimate that there are about a hundred billion stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way. They estimate that they can see another one hundred billion galaxies, each having about a hundred billion stars.  Is this why the Bible tells us there many heavens? The sun is orbiting around the Galaxy at 600,000 miles per hour, and the Galaxy may be orbiting around the Universe, but this is not known yet.


Can you imagine how many protons and electrons are in one star, the Sun? Can you then imagine how many electrons and protons are in the universe?  An atomic bomb consists of a few ounces of the same protons and electrons that are in stars. The sun has about two billion billion billion (2 with 33 zeroes after it) tons of mass. Compare the energy in the sun to another star, Cygnus A, found in the constellation Cygnus the Swan, also known as the Northern Cross.  Grote Rebar, who identified it in 1954 as the first extragalactic object to be a radio source, discovered Cygnus A in 1944. Two clouds of electrons 50,000 light-years across emit the radio waves. The amount of energy radiated by these electron clouds in one second is believed to be equal to the amount that would be radiated by the entire Milky Way Galaxy of one hundred billion stars over a billion-year period. Scientists have not yet figured out the source of this energy.


Only two particles, the proton and electron comprise the entire the material universe. To give you an idea of the size of God's universe, one star, Alpha in the constellation Hercules is over 2.4 billion miles in diameter.  Twenty-five suns with the earth circling it at 93 million miles each could be placed in a row across the middle of Alpha Hercules.


The power contained in stars was displayed in 1054 AD when a star exploded.  Chinese astronomers recorded that it was visible in daylight for twenty-three days, though it is estimated to be 6,300 light years away.  One light year is 5 trillion, 880 billion miles, the distance light travels in one year.  6,300 light years are 37 quadrillion miles.  Exploding stars are called supernovas.  During the explosion, its brightness suddenly increases by many billions, and it fades in brightness within a few weeks.  The cloud of gas and dust remnants of one of these stars is seen today as the Crab Nebula.  It is located in the Taurus the Bull constellation, and is still flying apart at speeds up to 5 million kilometers per hour (3 million miles per hour).  A supernova explosion radiates about as much energy as the sun radiates in 100 million years.  A supernova is visible in our Milky Way Galaxy once every few hundred years, and we see about fifteen a year in other galaxies through powerful telescopes.


God is infinite; His universe is infinite.  Observation of the physical universe confirms this.  Throughout space, there are galaxies with hundreds of billions of stars.  Each star most probably has planets, and most planets probably have satellite moons.  If space is infinite, there is no center to the universe, and no place from which the imaginary "Big Bang" started.  If there were, we would find space where the galaxies have not yet arrived.


Scientists tell us that the universe began with a big bang.  This is based on the assumption that there is no God.  False assumptions lead to false conclusions. They say there was a tiny speck of matter, so dense, and with so much energy that it exploded and made this unfathomable, incomprehensible size of the universe of stars, planets and galaxies.  If this is true, where did all this harmonious matter and energy in the universe come from that made the "Big Bang?"  God?  Would an explosion of a pinhead cause the entire universe to comprise hundreds of billions of discrete galaxies, with most galaxies rotating in a harmonious pattern similar to most every other galaxy?  Would there be life on earth?  Or would there simply be particles flying uniformly through space, forming a huge spherical shell?


Inexpressibly more than one sextillion stars, some of which are hundreds of millions of miles in diameter, each containing so many trillions of tons of these two point-sources of energy: protons and electrons, that no scientist can imagine how many atoms are in the universe.  If there was only God, and nothing else existed initially, from what did God make these two particles of energy?  He must have made all the atoms of the universe out of Himself!  He must have created and brought forth all things out of Himself. 


"Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever Thou formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, Thou art God (Ps. 90: 2)."  In Colossians 1:16-17, we read, "For in Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him: and He is before all things, and by Him all things consist."


We cannot expect faithless evolutionists to believe this, but in Isaiah 43:10 we read, "Ye are my witnesses, said the Lord . . . that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am He: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me."  God did not only say, "There was no God before me."  He said that He alone was formed.  The Hebrew word YATSAR for formed means to squeeze into a shape, to mold into a form, as a potter, fashion, frame, make.


If all things were formed by an infinite Intelligence, the atoms must have been formed out of God.  Energy must have been formed out of God.  Light must have been formed out of God.  And man must have been formed out of God.  Thus we read, "And God said, 'Let us make man in our image, and after our likeness; so God created man in His own image, in the image of GOD created He him; male and female created He them (Gen. 1: 26 - 28)." Why would God say "our image" if there is one God? Perhaps He was speaking to the angels; but the angels did not create man. The answer may be that God is one entity with a triune personality: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Jesus defined the Holy Spirit as the Comforter who teaches you all things (John 14:26). Mothers have the characteristic of comforter who teach their children. Solomon described this characteristic as Wisdom throughout the book of Proverbs, which he referred to as "her".


The name of Jesus is Emmanuel, meaning God with us.  Jesus, "Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God (Phil 2: 6)."  And when Philip said to Jesus, "Lord, show us the Father, and it will suffice us," Jesus answered, "Have I been with you so long a time and yet you do not know me?  He that has seen me has seen the Father (Jn. 14: 8 - 9)." 


The two basic particles of energy that God made out of Himself can take on the form of a solid rock of granite.  They can form the soft, warm pliable skin of a human, the sight or touch of which excites a mind to procreative desires.  They can take the form, texture, smell, and taste of the moist flesh of an avocado, or can vaporize an island.  These same particles of energy, when in an eyeball, produce visions in another strange combination of these same two particles, a brain.  These same two particles of energy, when located inside a skull (another combination of these two particles), can conduct thought processes or cause a heart to beat, food to digest without thought, and millions of other processes of which we are hardly aware.


Scientists claim that the energy emanating from stars is the result of a nuclear reaction.  They think that 600,000,000 tons of hydrogen in the sun is converted to helium each second, and this is then converted to carbon.  If this were so, scientists say that neutrinos would be detected coming out of the sun.  Yet none are detected, and this is one of many great mysteries of astrophysics.


We were originally made in the image of God.  But we are not God.  We were made out of atoms created by God.  And He put in us a living soul. There is still an infinite spiritual God that loves us and all His creation.  When Adam sinned, He cut Himself off from God, although he was made out of God.  Now, if we accept Jesus as God, and as the Son and Creation of God, we can talk with God.  As the apostle Paul said, "My little children, I travail in birth again, until Christ be formed in you (Gal. 4: 19)."  Jesus said, "For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life . . . And this is the condemnation: that light came into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil . . . But he that does truth comes to the light that his deeds may be manifested, that they are wrought in God (Jn. 3: 16 - 21)."


When these same two particles of energy in the human brain think in harmony with God's physical expression of Himself, Jesus, they can cause the miracles that Jesus caused to occur, and greater things than that (Jn. 14: 12 - 14). 


The first statement in the Bible tells us: "In the beginning - GOD!" Before there was a universe, the Bible says, there was God. Before there was matter, there were only God and His heavenly host, the angels, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit. After there was matter, the Bible tells us that angels appeared in physical, material form to Abraham, Lot, Mary and many others. Today, fallen spirits (Demons) appear to us in UFOs. Angels appear to Christians. Jesus was put to death, returned to His spiritual form, reappeared in His physical form, and then went back to His spiritual form. Apparently, spiritual beings can become material by taking thought, or become spiritual by taking thought.  Apparently, there was once nothing material, and God, by taking thought made a material universe.


I will tell you how I believe God created the universe, the structure of atoms, and how they relate to a perfectly harmonious universe. I believe that God is much more than the Creator of all the atoms in the universe. 

If you accept Jesus as God's only son that God sent to pay for your sins, God spiritually becomes our shepherd, who loves you and cares for you. He knows every hair on your head. He protects you from evil. He comforts you, feeds you in the presence of your enemies, gives to you abundantly so your cup runs over, and enables you to live with Him forever.


There is much that I don't know, such as God and the infinite size of the universe. But what I do think I know gives me a clear understanding of gravity and light. What I believe I now know about the atom leads me to also believe that gravity is surprisingly simple. You will also learn that the speed of light had near-infinite velocity when the earth was created. And then you will understand that light is the most magnificent and extraordinary thing in our physical universe.


Copyright (C) 2010 Robert L. Laing  All rights reserved


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