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75. Intelligent Design of


Human Anatomy, Organs of the Body and Symbiosis of Plant and Animal Structure

What is Symbiosis?

What are examples of symbiotic relationships in the anatomy of organs of the human body, animal, and plant structures? Every plant and animal has a multitude of organs and different parts that they cannot live without.  Each component depends on every other component to exist. This is what is called symbiotic relationships in nature. The symbiosis of essential parts must have been created when each creature was first created.  Whole fossils are complete anatomy of organs and structure of plants, humans and animals with all parts included.  We can only conclude that all essential organs and parts of each creature were necessary for life, and were created simultaneously.


Irreducible Complexity and Specified Complexity

Life cannot be explained by chemistry alone. All components of a complex mechanism must be present for the mechanism to function. Therefore, the first cell is not possible to come into existence unless all of the complex components are in place and functioning to begin with. Different Protein molecules can combine randomly to make anomalous globs of protein. To combine in such a way as to make any tiny portion of an organism is not statically possible.

The very first cell on earth must have had the extremely complex DNA molecule. DNA is an impossible accident of millions of protein molecules, the odds being 10200, and there are only 1080 atoms in the entire universe. Without DNA, no other components of a cell or organism are possible. Without DNA, the first cell could not exist, let alone reproduce. DNA is more complex than the most complex computer on earth, which was intelligently designed by living people. This combination existed in every pollen grain, stigma and seed before a plant grew, and in every sperm cell and female egg cell before an animal became an animal. 

Michael Behe explained a principle of Irreducible Complexity, showing that any functioning mechanism cannot function if any of its parts are reduced. Behe showed that the flagellum of a cell is an extremely complex electric motor. If only one protein molecule in this motor is missing, or located in the wrong place a flagellum cannot work.


William Dembski showed that the problem with invoking evolutionary algorithms to explain specified complexity at the origin of life is absence of any identifiable evolutionary algorithm that might account for it. The only rebuttal that evolutionists have come up with is that what these are poorly written documents. Michael Behe has a PhD in Biochemistry and is a Professor at Lehigh University. William Dembski has a Ph.D. in philosophy (University of Illinois at Chicago), a Ph.D. in mathematics (University of Chicago), and a Masters of Divinity from Princeton. A mathematician and a philosopher, he is associate research professor in the conceptual foundations of science at Baylor University and a senior fellow at Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture. Dr. Dembski previously taught at Northwestern University, the University of Notre Dame, and the University of Dallas as well as having done post doctoral work at MIT, the University of Chicago, and Princeton.


Beginning with a single cell in any plant or animal, or even in a microbe, DNA, which is much more complex than our most complex computers, cannot exist without being surrounded by protoplasm and a cell wall. If DNA were to suddenly appear in nature, it would quickly die without the rest of the components of a cell. Having these components, the cell could not replicate itself without genes and mitochondria to split the cell into either a duplicate cell or a cell having completely different functions. Darwin failed to explain how life could originate from non-living matter. Can any evolutionist explain how DNA causes the rest of the complex organism to carry out all of its complex functions?

Symbiosis of Plant and Animal Structures

There are millions of essential parts and components of parts that we seldom consider. These include symbiosis of essential enzymes, hormones and auxins, fluids, and their productive organs. They include complete functioning blood, blood cells, lymph fluid and cells, muscles and muscle cells, nerve, brain, digestive tracts, digestive and excretive organs, cells and fluids.  Such essential vital parts are so complex in themselves that they cannot be understood.  Each organism must have a complete multitude of essential vital parts created simultaneously. Each symbiotic part must be created at the instant of creation of the vital part, despite its complexity. It must be in complete harmony with the rest of the organism or the organism could not survive, especially for billions of years.


As mentioned earlier, the membrane of an egg or of a cocoon or a fetus is as essential as eyes are to animals. A hen's egg is an interesting exact combination of water, hydrocarbons and minerals such as calcium. How many years did it take to evolve? The hen did not produce the egg one day by conscious effort. Inside the amazingly strong thin shell of an egg is a membrane. The membrane has at least three vital functions, and probably more. One function is to allow the egg to exhaust toxic gases that accumulate inside, and breathe in necessary oxygen. Another function is to prevent moisture from evaporating and drying the embryo inside. It also binds and strengthens the brittle calcium shell.  On one end of the egg, between the membrane and the shell is an air capsule, surrounded by another membrane. Without that capsule, the egg would break from temperature changes or changes in the size or movement of the embryo. A new chicken cannot develop without a membrane inside the shell. There is just enough air for the unborn chick to breathe (for the first time) to be able to have time to break through the shell. How did the chicken reproduce itself for billions of years while it was waiting around for a membrane to develop by accident? The answer to that question is that it could not happen.


Was it a different animal that reproduced without eggs, and kept laying prototypes of eggs until the perfect combination occurred? Such an act is not observed in nature. No plant or animal has ever been observed making unlimited rejects or experimenting with better parts than it already has, until the right combination came along. It seems that every organism alive or in the fossils and the fossil record is complete unto itself, and each organism is perfectly happy with the parts that it has. Symbiosis of human, animal and plant organs, structure and parts must have been created when each creature was first created. No creature is found in a constant state of flux, moving from one creature to another. Yes, species adapt to changing environments. No, species do not change from one species to another by evolution. Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection does not prove change from one species to another (evolution). Billions of links between all species are missing.


Copyright (C) 2007, 2011 Robert L. Laing  All rights reserved


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