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49. What Makes Up an Atom, Its Protons, Electrons, Neutrons and Its Nucleus?


What makes up an atom? Since the mass of the proton is 1836 times the mass of an electron, we may assume that the proton is maybe 1836 times larger than the electron, and due to many other considerations as will be shown, it may be ellipsoid in shape. It may have a charge on only one side, so electrons are only attracted to one side. This is much different than the scientific community's concept of an atom. So let us look into what really makes up an atom, its Intelligent Design, its neutron and its nucleus and a little more.


While textbooks say that nuclei are made of neutrons and protons, a neutron is a single proton and an electron, so the mass of a neutron is slightly larger than the mass of a proton. Nuclei, if there were such a thing, are shown to be really made of multiples of two protons and one electron.  Natural "neutrons" do not exist in atoms. A neutron in free space is a single proton and a single electron, which will soon disintegrate with a mean-life of 932 seconds (15.5 minutes), or a maximum time of about 20 minutes.  A neutron then separates into an electron and a proton. Why? Because a proton and electron pair can only coexist for a short time unless another proton is coupled to the other side. For a neutron not to disintegrate, another proton must be locked to the other side of the electron. This leaves an extra positive charge that attracts a second electron.


A neutron most likely disintegrates because of a strong distant attraction of a proton for an electron, but also a stronger close repulsion between the two. Imagine a proton as a soft rubber ball, the size of a grapefruit, and an electron the size of a pea. The closer these two particles become, the stronger the attraction until at 10-19 meters, they attract each other with a force of about nine billion tons. But closer, they begin to repel with just as strong a repulsive force. This causes a vibration in which the electron springs farther and farther from the proton with each cycle until it escapes the attractive force of the proton.


When an electron and a proton are joined together, their total mass does not equal the mass of one proton plus one electron because mass is based on gravity, and gravity changes when the two particles combine. A neutron has a rest mass of 1.67492716 × 10 -27  kilogram to 1.6749286 × 10 -27 kg, while the mass of a proton = 1.6726231× 10 -27 kg and the mass of an electron = 9.1093897× 10 -31 kg.


In my studies, I realized that without another proton locked to the other side, these two particles attract and repel each other with greater and greater oscillations until they fly apart, and there could be no such thing as an atom. The reason the oscillation increases is because the farther the electron oscillates away from the proton, the weaker the attraction back to the proton. But as the electron approaches the proton from a greater distance, it is accelerated more toward the proton.  Then the repulsive force of the proton is greater. Each time the electron is repulsed, it is repulsed a greater distance, until the distance becomes too great for the attractive force to pull it back. So a proton – electron combination can only exist for long if another proton is locked to the other side of the electron.

The next page shows a neutron made up of a proton and an electron. As you study this, you will begin to learn what makes up an atom, its neutron, its nucleus, protons, electrons and how Intelligent Design caused all atoms to exist.

Open your eyes and look around. Everything you can see shows you the infinite Wisdom, Intelligence, Purity and Love that God built into electrons, protons and atoms. If you can’t see it, you are without excuse! 

Copyright (C) 2010 Robert L. Laing  All rights reserved


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